Have you ever wondered if there are articles such as a, an, the in Polish? Well, there are NO ARTICLES IN POLISH. It works out that girl can be a girl or the girl and it all depends on a context of a sentence how you translate these things.
The Polish language distinguishes three different genders for nouns: masculine, feminine and neuter. There is no relation between grammatical gender and natural gender.
Examples: masculine gender - dom (house); feminine gender - pani (lady); neuter gender - piwo (beer).
Nouns can end in a consonant or in a vowel, for example:
blok (block) – masculine gender, where blok- is a stem
drabina (ladder) – feminine gender, where drabin- is a stem
drzewo (tree) – neuter gender, where drzew- is a stem
Usually end in a consonant but there are cases when they end in -a; sometimes masculine nouns change their stems: wół (ox) – woły, dół (hole) – doły. Masculine non-personal nouns ending in hard consonants (p, b, f, w, m, t, d, s, z, n, ł, r, k, g, ch) usually generate the plural in -y: dół (hole) – doły (holes); after k or g you will find -i: blok (block) – bloki (blocks). Masculine non-personal nouns ending in soft consonants (p`, b`, f`, w`, m`, ć, dź, ś, ź, ń, l, rz, c, dz, sz/ś, j, cz, ż) usually generate the plural in -e: koc (blanket) – koce (blankets). Masculine personal nouns often have special endings in the plural. Most of the times the ending is -i/y: chłopiec (boy) - chłopcy (boys). The ending for titles and relations (with some exeptions) is -owie: syn (son) – synowie (sons). Some masculine personal nouns have a plural in -`e: Hiszpan (Spanishman) – Hiszpanie (Spanishmen).
Feminine nouns most often end in -a: mama (mum). There are examples of feminine nouns that end in a soft consonant: rzecz (thing). Some feminine personal nouns end in -i: pani (lady).Plural of feminine nouns: when ending in a hard consonant they take -y: kołdra (duvet) – kołdry; after k or g there will be -i: popielniczka (ash tray) – popielniczki; when ending in a soft consonant they take -e: dłoń (hand) – dłonie. There are feminine nouns ending in a soft consonant that change to -y/i: droga (road) – drogi.
Neuter nouns end in -o or -e: podwórko (yard), dziecko (child), pole (field). There are words ending with -ę (zwierzę [animal]) and -um (liceum). Plural of neuter nouns – generated ending is -a: dłuto (chisel) – dłuta, liceum - licea.